In India, it is expected 12 % of the population is expected to have urinary stones, with recurrent stones a possibility, in almost 50% of stone patients.
Kidney stones are normally due to an extra build-up of calcium, uric acid, oxalates or phosphates in urine.
Causes of kidney stones:
Due to recurrent infections, such as UTI.
Hot climate increase the concentration of solutes in urine
Dehydration: People who drink less than the recommended 8 – 10 glasses of water may be susceptible to kidney stones
Metabolic causes such as hyperparathyroidism, Gout
Immobilization (such as a paraplegic patient), sedentary life style
Renal anomalies like PUJ obstruction.
Family history of stone formers
Some drugs leads to stone formation