Low Sperm Count: Causes and Treatment

By Dr. Tarique Naseem in Infertility & IVF

Feb 14 , 2023 | 2 min read

Low sperm count is a common issue that affects a lot of men. It is a condition where the number of sperm produced by the testicles is low and can result in infertility. Men with low sperm counts may struggle to conceive a child and start a family.

Low sperm count is treatable, and there are several options available for men to improve their chances of having a child. In this blog, we'll take a closer look at low sperm count and the various treatment options that are available to help men overcome this condition.

The Causes of Low Sperm Count

Various factors can contribute to low sperm count. Some of the common causes include:

  • Age - As men get older, the quality and quantity of sperm they produce decreases.

  • Lifestyle factors - Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and unhealthy eating habits can all affect sperm production and quality.

  • Medical conditions - Certain medical conditions, such as testicular cancer, hormonal imbalances, and genetic disorders, can lead to low sperm count.

  • Certain medications - Certain medications such as testosterone replacement therapy, antidepressants, and chemotherapy can lower sperm count.

  • Environmental factors - Exposure to certain chemicals and toxins can also impact sperm production and quality.

It's important to keep in mind that there are several other factors that can contribute to low sperm count, and a doctor should be consulted to determine the exact cause of the condition.

Treatment Options for Low Sperm Count

There are several treatments available for low sperm count, including:

  • Medications - There are various medications available that can help improve sperm quality and increase sperm count. These medications work by increasing testosterone levels, improving blood flow to the testicles, and correcting hormonal imbalances.

  • Lifestyle changes - Making simple changes to your lifestyle, such as reducing alcohol consumption, quitting smokingreducing stress, and eating a healthy diet, can help improve sperm count and quality.

  • Surgery - In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct a physical problem, such as a varicocele or undescended testicle.

If, despite the above measures, sperm counts remain low, such men can

Still, a family using the following assisted reproductive techniques (ART)

  • Artificial Insemination - This is a procedure where sperm is directly inserted into a woman's uterus to increase the chances of conception.

  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) - In Virto Fertilization (IVF) is a more advanced fertility treatment that involves fertilising an egg with sperm in a laboratory and then transferring the resulting embryo into the woman's uterus.

  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) - It is a variation of IVF where a single sperm is injected directly into an egg. ICSI is often used for men with low sperm counts or poor sperm quality.

The treatment that is right for you will depend on the cause of your low sperm count and other factors such as your age, overall health, and personal preferences. Consult a specialist to know the best treatment option for infertility based on your specific needs.


In conclusion, low sperm count is a common issue that affects many men. However, there are several treatments available that can help improve sperm count and quality and increase the chances of having a child. It's important to speak to a doctor about the best treatment option for you and to make any necessary lifestyle changes to improve your overall health and fertility. With the right treatment, you can overcome low sperm count and start a family.

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