In general terms, Obesity refers to the excess amount of fat stored in the body. It is also known as overweight which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat. Obesity is generally not a disease but is known to be a major cause for the onset of various other diseases.
Consuming more food means consuming more calories which then leads to obesity because our body stores unused calories as fat. Not only a major causes of other diseases, obesity sometimes makes it really difficult for the people to carry out their daily activities like washing, walking, bathing, running, lifting etc. Therefore, it should be treated at the earliest to ensure minimal damage. Being overweight puts strain on your heart and can lead to serious health problems. These problems include:
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Sleep apnea
- Type 2 diabetes
- Varicose veins
Signs and Symptoms
Following symptoms of obesity are:
- BMI – refers to Body Mass Index. This is actually a measurement to determine your weight with respect to your height. If your BMI is over 25, you will be considered overweight. However, if it goes beyond 40, you will come under the category – morbidly obese.
- Waist circumference - Extra weight around your middle or stomach area increases your risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
- Blood tests may be conducted to check for thyroid or hormone problems that could lead to weight gain.
In general, more calories stored means excess fat. However, the major causes of obesity are:
- Eating more food than your body demands
- Consuming too much alcohol
- Not involved in physical exercise
- Underactive thyroid gland
- Medicines such as birth control pills, antidepressants, and antipsychotics
- Stress, anxiety
The most basic and foremost treatment of obesity is to gain control over your calories intake.
- Lifestyle changes – an active and healthy lifestyle combined with healthy eating is found to be the safest way to reduce weight.
- Reading nutrition labels before consuming something can help you know more about calorie intake you should choose.
- Medications and herbal remedies.
- Significant effort to lose weight through dietician advised dietary changes, exercise or changing your lifestyle.
- Bariatric Surgery – Surgery may help people who are obese for more than 5 years or more and have not lost weight through other ways such as diet, exercise, or medicine. There are different types of weight loss surgeries done to reduce weight significantly. There is a special diet after Bariatric surgery.