Joints form the connections between the bones in our body. They provide support and help in movement. Joint pain refers to discomfort, aches, and soreness in any of the body’s joints. Any damage to joints from disease or injury can interfere with movement and cause pain.
One of the most common causes of joint pain is arthritis. The two primary forms of arthritis are:
Osteoarthritis: age-related arthritis
Inflammatory arthritis: usually associated with autoimmune diseases
Other causes may include (but are not limited to):
Osteoporosis: In addition to causing loss of bone mass and strength, osteoporosis weakens the bones and makes them susceptible to unexpected and sudden fractures.
Trauma to the joint or to the structures around the joints
Gouty arthritis: Due to increased uric acid
Tendinitis: Inflammation of tendons around joints
Bursitis: Inflammation of coverings around joints
Musculoskeletal pains may be associated with joint pain due to the aforementioned conditions. It may also be due to nutritional causes, including deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals in the body.
Joint and musculoskeletal pains can be discomforting. Severe pain can hamper the activities of daily living and may even cause psychological stress. Prolonged pain has been associated with low moods and even depression.
If left untreated, it may sometimes lead to:
The joint being swollen, red, tender, or warm to touch
A deformed joint
An immobilised joint
Joint pains and musculoskeletal diseases may be caused by a wide array of underlying conditions. Common signs & symptoms include:
Persistent pain (from, for example, joint damage or other soft tissue)
Worsening joint function
Persistent localised synovitis (inflammation of the synovial membrane)
Max Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences offers comprehensive care for several orthopaedic afflictions, including knee, hip, and joint problems. It is one of the largest chains of orthopaedic care centres in North India, with presence in Delhi NCR (Saket, Patparganj, Shalimar Bagh, Vaishali, Gurgaon), Mohali and Bathinda. The centres are equipped with a wide array of specialities ranging from sports medicine, paediatric orthopaedic services, arthritis diagnosis to treatment and pain management. We focus on providing the highest level of patient care with professional expertise for early mobilisation and have taken orthopaedic treatment to an altogether different level.
A thorough physical examination, focused investigations and tailored patient-specific treatment make Max Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences, the go-to place for joint and musculoskeletal pains.
Our experienced doctors provide accurate diagnosis and have years of managing and curing joint pain patients. They have a vast experience of performing procedures like Computer-Assisted Joint Replacement Surgery, Arthroscopic Surgery, Traumatic Orthopaedic Surgery, Hand, Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, Spine Surgery, Articular Surface Replacement Hip Surgery, Foot & Ankle Surgery, Total Knee & Hip Replacement Surgery among several others.
Max Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences is equipped with modern laboratories and the latest imaging technologies, for quick and accurate diagnosis; modular operation theatres with computer-assisted technology. With support of the Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Management, Max Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences ensures patients undergo painless surgery and remain pain-free postoperatively. A dedicated team of Physiotherapists, under the guidance of orthopaedic surgeons, ensures early rehabilitation and excellent functional recovery after surgery.
At Max Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences at Max Hospitals, India, our dedicated team of doctors, physical therapists and departments involved in the treatment of joint pain and other musculoskeletal conditions take a holistic approach for managing and providing prompt relief and rapid recovery to patients.
Our treatment begins by taking the patient’s thorough history and performing a meticulous physical examination to know more about the condition. This helps narrow down the potential causes.
Depending on the joint as well as the type and severity of the condition, the following diagnostic tests may be conducted:
An X-ray of the joint
Computerized Tomography Scan (CT Scan)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Sca
Patients who require surgery are evaluated by specialist from different departments mainly (but not limited to):
Max Institute of Cardiac Sciences
Department of Gastroenterology
Department of Nephrology
To provide pain relief and rehabilitation to patients below teams work in tandem to provide best outcome :
Department of Physical Therapy
Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Management
Department of Radio Diagnosis
Department of Internal Medicine (for evaluation of some patients)
Department of Psychology/Psychiatry (for counselling patients who experience significant psychological symptoms due to joint pains)
Our orthopaedic surgeons, physical therapists and program coordinators provide guidance and regular support throughout the first month of recovery to oversee the progress and pain relief and to ensure patients follow the right rehabilitation program. While patients managed surgically are followed up biweekly for one month and monthly for three months to evaluate their progress and guide them for prompt functional rehabilitation.
Max Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences is equipped with cutting-edge technology with which our experts offer holistic care to patients. When it comes to treating joint pain and other musculoskeletal conditions, it offers the following options:
A) Conservative Management: This treatment avoids the use of invasive measures such as surgery. Most patients respond to conservative management including medications, physical therapy, exercises and lifestyle modifications. Regional blocks may be advised for some patients in consultation with the Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Management as a daycare procedure.
B) Surgical Management: Surgery is advised when conservative measures have failed, and the patient’s daily activities are limited severely.
Joint pain surgery: Patients with chronic pains and deformed joints may need to undergo surgical management including knee and hip replacement procedures. The joint implants are planned preoperatively for perfect size and positioning as per the anatomy of patients, thereby safeguarding the patients.
Arthroscopic surgery (Keyhole surgery): It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is performed using an Arthroscope - an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. Some patients with trauma may need to undergo surgical procedures to fix fractures or arthroscopic procedures to treat ligamentous or meniscal injuries.