What are the tests recommended before a transplant?
Blood Group matching
Virology work up
Computed tomography, or CT, Doppler ultrasound
Echocardiogram for analyzing heart-health status
Lung function tests
Cancer work up in case of liver cancers
Kidney function tests
How is the Screening for Liver Transplant Donors done?
A thorough evaluation for the presence of liver disease, alcohol or drug abuse, cancer, or infections like AIDS, hepatitis etc is done in all potential liver donors. Also, liver transplant is done for patients who have a good mental status, 18-55 years, are voluntary, and have no major medical co-morbidities. Following this, they are screened for few important tests to determine compatibility with the recipients. These are:
CT scan to assess the volume and fat
MRI to assess bile duct (optional)
What are the treatment options?
The two main types of liver transplant options are:
Living donor transplant
Deceased donor transplant
In patients with an end-stage liver disease, a portion of liver from a compatible healthy living donor is surgically implanted into the recipient. Within few weeks, the partial livers grow and attain the required size in both donor and recipient.
Deceased donors are often brain-dead and cardiac dead patients. If there is consent for donation and no medical contraindication, they can be potential donors.
All liver transplant patients need to maintain good hygiene at office and home. They need to take lifelong immune-suppressions. With good personal care, doctors’ advice, regular medications, they can lead a normal life. For more information on the transplantation, you can visit Max Health Care which provides the best service of liver transplant in India.