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Home Remedies for Low BP during Pregnancy

By Dr. Shaveta Gupta in Obstetrics And Gynaecology

Jan 24 , 2022 | 2 min read

Pregnancy is a crucial and delicate phase in a woman’s life. But do you know, many hormones fluctuate during this phase that can cause fluctuation in BP, fluctuation in mood & cravings particularly in the first and second trimester. Keep reading to find out the measures you can take to manage lower readings of BP during pregnancy.

But before moving ahead further, let’s discuss the normal BP values.

Normal BP

Generally, normal BP is 120/80 mm Hg. When BP is around 90/60 mm Hg, you feel low energy, weak & lethargic.

Now the question arises what are the causes of low readings of BP?

Causes of Low BP

Following are some of the causes of low BP-

  • The hormones which help pregnancy to grow, also cause dilatation of blood vessels, which causes venous pooling of blood.
  • Growing fetus continuously uses your energy for cell division & growth, so you feel low energy.
  • Because of nausea & vomiting in pregnancy, intake of diet automatically comes down, which can lead to low energy.
Other causes are-
  • Sudden standing up from bed
  • Less intake of water
  • Low haemoglobin
  • Excessive vomiting
  • Loss of Blood / internal bleeding
  • Infections
  • Medical Conditions (Heart Disease, Endocrine gland disorders, etc)  
# Blood Loss & Low BP is an emergency. Immediately consult your doctor.

Are you wondering what the symptoms of low BP are during pregnancy? 

So, here are the symptoms
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Thirst
  • Weakness
  • Lethargy
  • Fainting
  • Cold skin
  • Blurred/double vision
Important note:
If your BP drops too much, because of blood loss, it can lead to-
  • Falls
  • Shock
  • Organ damage
  • Low BP with blood loss can also be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy in which the egg gets fertilized in the tube or outside the uterus. Blood loss can be internal & it’s an emergency condition

Home remedies for low BP

Apart from consulting your doctor, you can follow the following measures to prevent low BP-

Diet

Hydrate yourself. Take 80-100 ml fluid (Water, fruit juice, coconut water, etc) every hour
Rule is small portions & frequent meals. Take small portions of meals throughout the day instead of having large meals.
Take lot of fruits & vegetables
Take a balanced and nutritious diet.
Your doctor may recommend adding more salt to your diet but be cautious as too much salt can have repercussions. So speak to your doctor before adding extra salt.
You may try taking ginger tea if you are feeling nausea.
A cup of coffee also helps.

Exercise

Exercise improves blood circulation, but you should consult your doctor before starting any workout to prevent complications.

Adequate rest

Please don’t get up abruptly from a seated position to prevent sudden changes in BP.
If you feel dizzy, you should sit down or lie on your left side to increase your blood flow to the heart.
Keep your feet off the ground periodically to give your body some rest.
Try wearing loose clothes. You may wear high-knee socks or compression stockings to improve your blood circulation.