Heart Attack...You can save life

By Dr. Niraj Kumar in Cardiac Sciences

Sep 22 , 2015 | 2 min read

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. Most of the people who develop heart disease have one or major risk factors that are within their power to change. These include smoking, high blood pressure, uncontrolled sugar, abnormal cholesterol levels and stress. These are definite to tackle these risk factor that you can include in your lifestyle if you are aware.

Heart attack:

  • The heart muscle requires a regular supply of oxygen and food. This is supply by blood carried by a network of blood vessels known as coronary arteries. The coronary arteries can become narrowed by atherosclerotic plaques. Blood clots can form a these plaques and block the artery causing chest pains. The muscle supplied by the block artery is starved of oxygen and dies soon afterwards, known as a heart attack. This can cause life threatening complication- including dangerous arrhythmias.
  • While heart attack can be deadly, immediate treatment significantly increase the chance of survival and decrease the likelihood of severe long term effects. It is important to recognize the possible symptoms of this serious usually sudden-onset condition.

Heart Attack Warning Signs:

  • Some heart attacks are sudden and intense –“the movie heart attack” where everybody can understand what’s happening, but most heart attacks start slowly. With mild pain or discomfort often people affected aren’t sure what’s wrong and wait too long before getting help, losing precious time.

Here are the signs that can mean a heart attack a happening:

Chest discomfort:

  • Most heart attacks involved discomfort in the centre of the chest that last more than a few minutes, or that goes away and come back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, burning squeezing, fullness or pain.

Discomfort in other areas of the upper body:

  • Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath: May occur with or without chest discomfort.

Other signs:

  • these may include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea and/or lightheadness, indigestion or gas like pain, anxiety or nervousness, dizziness or fainting, unexplained weakness or fatigue.
  • Women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.

Act immediately:

  • warning signs can hit everyone differently, so don’t take any chance. If you or someone you’re with has chest discomfort, especially with one or more of the other signs don’t wait longer than five minutes before calling for help/ seeking medical attentions also, check the time so you’ll know when the first symptoms appeared. Its very important to take immediate action and rush to the nearest heart hospital in Delhi. The earlier the artery is opened by angioplasty or a clot-busting drug is better is the chance of survival & better is further quality of life.
  • Something that people may out realize is that preventing this disease is often within their control.