Which Diseases Require Heart Surgery?

By Dr. Subhash Kumar Sinha in Cardiac Sciences , Cardiac Surgery (CTVS)

Jan 18 , 2017 | 1 min read

Started about 60 years back, cardiac surgeries have come a long way. Broadly heart surgeries can be divided into:

  • Congenital
  • Adults
  • Miscellaneous  Procedures

The congenital diseases are present from birth-there can be heart holes, blue babies and other wrong corrections in the vessels. But all congenital heart diseases can be corrected.

Adult Cardiac Diseases:

  • Obstruction to coronary arteries causing heart attack, angina, sudden deaths


  • Valvular Heart diseases (one of the most common ailment in India): It is caused most likely due to Rheumatic diseases or sometimes a combination of valve malfunctioning or coronary heart disease can occur.


  • Obstruction of Aorta or Aortic Aneurysm. Aorta can be replaced with the help of tube grafts. If the patient becomes symptomatic and suffers from a heart failure, it is important that an immediate cardiac transplant is done or a LVAD device is implanted.

Quick Tips on how you can keep your heart healthy

  • Regular exercising or ½ an hour brisk walk at 2-4 times in a week. You can help yourself by avoiding taking lifts or walking to the vegetable market to buy vegetables.
  • Stop smoking and avoiding tobacco in any form
  • Keep intact your blood sugar by exercising, doing yoga
  • Consume a low-fat, low sugar and a high protein diet
  • Maintain your blood sugar by reducing the amount of salt
  • In case rheumatic fever persists, take your child for an echocardiogram to check for valves malfunctioning.