Urologists: Who Are They and What Can They Do for Me?

By Dr. Anant Kumar in Urology , Uro-Oncology , Kidney Transplant

Nov 08 , 2020 | 4 min read


Urology is a branch of medicine that focuses on medical conditions of the male and female urinary tract systems. The urologist is a medical professional that specializes in the urinary system. In ancient times, doctors used to examine the urine of a patient for clues about their illness. Today, there is an entire field of medicine that focuses on the health of the urinary system which includes the kidney, bladder, prostate, penis & testis. Below mentioned FAQs broadly describe the urology problems and mention the alarming signals of seeing the urologist

What Kind of Education & Training Does a Urologist Have?

Urologists must have a medical degree from a certified institution. They can join a medical college after clearing the NEET examination. After medical school, urologists undergo a residency in a urology facility. After five years, the student must pass a specialist board test. After residency and board tests, urologists can work at hospitals or create their own offices.

What Is The Urinary Tract?

The kidneys, ureters, and bladder, are the key components of the urinary tract. The urinary tract is your body’s drainage system for removing urine. Urine is a combination of wastes and water. In order for urination to occur normally and without any complications, all body parts in the urinary tract need to work together.

What Do Urologists Do?

A urologist is trained to diagnose and treat problems of the urinary tract. Urologists deal with men and women alike. With women, a urologist deals only with the problems of the urinary tract. With men, however, the urologist can diagnose and treat disorders of the penis and testicles also. They also look after male infertility and sexual disorders.

Symptoms to Consult a Urologist

If these problems persist, your doctor may recommend you to a urologist:

Symptoms in Men

  1. Pain in the testicles
  2. Painful and frequent urination
  3. Blood in urine
  4. Erectile dysfunction
  5. Enlarged prostate

Symptoms in Women

  1. Pain in the back or sides
  2. Bloody urine
  3. Burning sensation during urination
  4. Frequent urination urges

What Treatments Procedure Can a Urologist Perform?

  1. Cystoscopy

    A cystoscopy examines the bladder and urethra by seeing them with a cystoscope. It detects an enlarged prostate and cures bladder problems.

  2. Ureteroscopy

    Ureteroscopy cures kidney stones. The urethra, bladder, and ureter guide a ureteroscope to the kidney stone. Larger stones must be split apart.

  3. Prostate Biopsy

    A prostate biopsy removes questionable tissue samples from the prostate.

  4. Nephrectomy

    Nephrectomy (kidney removal) is a surgical procedure that removes all or part of a kidney.

  5. Vasectomy

    Vasectomy is male birth control surgery. During the treatment, the doctor seals the vas deferens.

When Should I See The Urologist?

Your doctor may advise you to visit a urologist if you’re exhibiting symptoms of a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), difficulty in passing urine, blood in urine, Incontinence (urinary leakage), or Erectile Dysfunction. As these illnesses lie in the scope of a urologist, a general doctor will recommend that you visit one. The urologist also looks after male infertility and sexual problem.

What Can I Expect From a Urologist?

The urologist will normally perform a range of tests to determine what the problem is. Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, CT, MRI scan, can help the urologist to locate the problem and a urine test may be performed to check for bacteria and other signs of disease.

If the situation is more serious, a biopsy may be performed; this is traditionally to check for cancer and other disorders. The urologist may also ask you questions about your medical history and carry out a physical examination.

If you’re experiencing a frequent need to urinate pain in passing urine, difficulty in passing urine, blood in urine, pain in your lower back, or trouble sustaining an erection and early ejaculation. You should consult an expert. In order to maintain a healthy urinary tract, urologists recommend that you regularly empty your bladder and drink water instead of caffeine.

They also stress the importance of avoiding smoking and maintaining a low-salt diet. By following these simple rules you can prevent a wide range of urological problems. All tumors or cancer of the kidney, prostate, penis, urinary bladder, and testis are also treated by the urologist. Moreover, Most urologists also do kidney transplants

Also Check Urologic Cancer Symptoms


To prevent the diseases mentioned above, doctors advise staying hydrated and holding pee for long durations as it can severely affect your health. Maintaining hygiene while excreting and proper sanitization is a general rule of thumb. In case of severe or critical conditions, consult well-experienced faculty at the urology dept in Max hospital.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Does a urology exam hurt?

In most cases, urology exams are painless. But, your symptoms and your pain threshold will be the best judge of whether the exams are painless or not.

2. Can a woman see a urologist?

Yes, even women can see a urologist. After all, the urinary tract is different from the reproductive system of girls and women.

3. Does a cystoscopy hurt?

No, usually, a cystoscopy doesn't hurt. But, when getting a cystoscopy ask the doctor to take you through the process so that you are prepared.

4. Is a urologist the same as a gynaecologist?

No, a gynaecologist specializes in female reproductive organs. In contrast, a urologist deals specifically with the urinary system.

5. Is there an alternative to a cystoscopy?

No, there is no alternative to cystoscopy. However, it is better to consult your physician for more detailed information.

6. Is cystoscopy better than ultrasound?

Yes, we believe that cystoscopy provides a better view of the urinary tract than an ultrasound. But, you must follow your physician or urologist’s advise.

7. Can an MRI replace a cystoscopy?

No, an MRI cannot totally replace cystoscopy. These are two different techniques and your physician will recommend the right test depending on symptoms.

8. Is a urologist a kidney doctor?

Kidney doctors are nephrologists. A urologist specializes in urinary tract infections which may or may not be related to the kidneys. So, a urologist is not a kidney doctor even thought the two organs work in synch with each other.

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