Robotic Gallbladder Surgery

By Dr. Pradeep Chowbey in Laparoscopic / Minimal Access Surgery , Robotic Surgery

Sep 23 , 2022 | 2 min read


Gallstones are stones or crystalline masses that form within the gallbladder and may vary in size and number. While gallstones symptoms can cause severe abdominal pain, bloating, and discomfort, asymptomatic gallstones can also cause severe complications, as they can slip down and block the bile duct.

Gallbladder removal is the only cure for gallstones. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a well-established procedure for gallbladder removal. With the next generation robotic system, Versius by CMR Surgical, Cambridge UK, the same procedure can be performed with higher accuracy, precision, and safety with all the benefits of laparoscopic procedures intact.

During robotic surgery with a next-generation robotic system, Versius- the surgeon sits on an open console next to the patient wearing 3D glasses and operates using a 3D high-definition (HD) view on the console screen. The hand controls are manoeuvred by the surgeon, that moves the robotic arms with attached surgical instruments. The Versius system is a next-generation robotic system backed by artificial intelligence and machine learning. It is designed for surgical excellence.

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Three-four tiny incisions are made in the patient's abdomen to perform minimally invasive cholecystectomy. The robotic system, Versius, translates the surgeon's hand, wrist, and finger movements into precise, real-time movements of surgical instruments inside the patient's abdomen. The 3D HD view provides much greater depth perception than a 2D view in laparoscopic surgery. This significantly improves the accuracy and safety of the procedure. It also reduces the surgical time on the console.

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This robotic system has four portable bedside units that can be placed flexibly at the operating table, providing greater freedom in port placement. The open console allows the surgeon to have complete visibility of the patient during the surgery and maintain verbal or non-verbal communication with the team, which is critical in the OT environment.

The system's robotic arms have a unique V-wrist technology that permits 360 degrees of wrist motion and enables very high manoeuvrability for precise and efficient alignment, thus overcoming the limitations of a human wrist. With the advanced and robust technology of Versius, the surgeon skills are enhanced whilst surgical errors are negated.

Robotic surgery's main advantages with this next-generation computerised system are minimal scarring, pain, greater precision, and safety. This, in turn, results in quicker patient recovery and resumption of everyday activities. There is minimal blood loss because of the tiny incisions, and the patient gets excellent cosmetic results from the tiny incisions. 

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