First Aid For Nose Bleeding - Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Medical Expert Team

Feb 14 , 2022 | 3 min read

Nosebleeds are a frequent condition that can be moderate to severe. When the tiny blood vessels lining the nose burst and bleed, it causes nosebleeds, which cause blood loss from the nose. Several things, including trauma, dry air, allergies, and high blood pressure, can bring them on.

Nosebleed is a common occurrence of haemorrhage from the nose when the blood drains out from the nostrils. Among children and young adults, nosebleed usually originates from the septum. The septum separates your nasal chambers.

Nosebleed begins spontaneously and is often difficult to stop. It requires a specialist's help. Blood can also drip into the back of the throat or down into the stomach causing a person to spit up or even vomit blood.

It's crucial to know how to treat nosebleeds and keep a first aid kit. You may learn everything you need about providing first aid for nose bleeding from this post.

What Are The Types Of Nosebleeds?

Anterior and posterior are the two types of nosebleeds, or epistaxis, a person can get.

  • The most frequent type of nosebleeds, anterior nosebleeds, happen where the blood vessels are in the front of the nose. These nosebleeds are typically manageable with straightforward first-aid procedures.
  • Although less frequent, posterior nosebleeds can be more severe. They occur in the rear of the nose. They may result from more severe underlying medical issues, including tumors or excessive blood pressure.

What Are The Causes Of Nosebleeds?

The following are the most typical causes of epistaxis:

  • Dry air
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Sinusitis or allergies
  • Many drugs, like blood thinners or aspirin
  • Nasal polyps or tumors
  • Septal deviation or other structural issues with the nose

Who Can Get Nosebleeds?

Although epistaxis can occur to anyone, some things can make them more likely to occur:

  • Children with tiny blood arteries in their noses between the ages of 2 and 10
  • Older folks, who have weaker blood vessels and thinner skin
  • People with dry nasal passages or those who live in arid climates
  • Individuals suffering from sinusitis, allergies, or other disorders that impact the nasal passages
  • People who take blood-thinning drugs.

First Aid For Nosebleed

Following are specific instructions for administering first aid for nose bleeding:

  • To prevent swallowing blood, sit up straight and lean slightly forward.
  • To prevent consuming any blood, spit it out.
  • Press with your thumb and forefinger on the nose's bridge for at least five minutes.
  • Take a deep breath through your mouth to stop further irritating your nose.
  • If the nosebleed has stopped, refrain from bending forward or blowing your nose for at least one hour.
  • Place an ice pack or cold compress over the nose's bridge to tighten blood vessels and lessen bleeding.
  • If the bleeding does not stop within 20 minutes or if it becomes severe or frequent, get medical help.

When to Rush to the Doctor after nose bleeding

  • The bleeding lasts for more than 20 minutes
  • The nosebleed follows an accident, a fall, or an injury to your head, including a punch in the face that may have broken your nose
  • Dizziness, weakness, confusion, fainting, irregular heartbeat
  • Paleness, shortness of breath.

A First-Aid Kit for Nose Bleeding Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water

Although most nosebleeds are treatable with basic first aid techniques, it's crucial to get medical help if the bleeding does not subside or if it happens frequently or is severe. Your doctor may be able to determine what is causing the nosebleeds and suggest a course of action to help stop further occurrences.

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Written and Verified by:

Medical Expert Team