First Aid for Dog Bite - Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Dr. Dheeraj Bhaskaran Nair in Emergency & Trauma

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read


A dog bite can lead to rabies or tetanus infection. If you’ve been bitten by a dog, it’s important to tend to the injury right away to reduce your risk of bacterial infection.

Tips for Home Care After Dog Bite

  • Place a clean towel over the injury to stop any bleeding
  • Try to keep the injured area elevated
  • Wash the bite carefully with soap and water
  • Apply a sterile bandage to the wound
  • Apply antibiotic ointment to the injury every day to prevent infection

When to Rush to the Doctor After Dog Bite

  • Doesn’t stop bleeding
  • Causes intense pain
  • Exposes bone, tendons, or muscle that can cause loss of function, such as an inability to bend fingers
  • Looks red or swollen
  • Infected pus or fluid is visible

A First-Aid Kit for Dog Bite Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water


If you are bitten by a dog with an unknown rabies vaccine history or a dog that acts erratically or appears to be sick:

  • Seek immediate medical attention
  • Receive Tetanus Toxoid injection if not received in last 5 years
  • Take Anti Rabies injection-5 doses, if the dog cannot be kept under observation
  • Take 3 shots of Anti Rabies injection if the dog doesn’t show any sign or symptoms of Rabies till day 7
  • Take Rabies Immunoglobulin if it’s a severe bite (class3) or bites on the face

Other First Aid’s Facilities Provided by Max Healthcare: