Dog Bite First Aid- Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Max Team in Emergency Medicine

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read

A dog bite can lead to rabies or tetanus infection. If you’ve been bitten by a dog, it’s important to tend to the injury right away to reduce your risk of bacterial infection.

When to Rush to the Doctor

  • Doesn’t stop bleeding
  • Causes intense pain
  • Exposes bone, tendons, or muscle that can cause loss of function, such as an inability to bend fingers
  • Looks red or swollen
  • Infected pus or fluid is visible

Home Care

  • Place a clean towel over the injury to stop any bleeding
  • Try to keep the injured area elevated
  • Wash the bite carefully with soap and water
  • Apply a sterile bandage to the wound
  • Apply antibiotic ointment to the injury every day to prevent infection


If you are bitten by a dog with an unknown rabies vaccine history or a dog that acts erratically or appears to be sick:

  1. Seek immediate medical attention
  2. Receive Tetanus Toxoid injection if not received in last 5 years
  3. Take Anti Rabies injection-5 doses, if the dog cannot be kept under observation
  4. Take 3 shots of Anti Rabies injection if the dog doesn’t show any sign or symptoms of Rabies till day 7
  5. Take Rabies Immunoglobulin if it’s a severe bite (class3) or bites on the face

A First-Aid Kit for Dog Bite Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water