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Dislocation First Aid- Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Max Team in Emergency Medicine

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read

A dislocation is a separation of two bones from their normal location at a joint. The cause is usually trauma, such as a blow, fall or pull.

Dislocations are common injuries in contact sports, such as football & hockey, and in sports that may involve falls, such as rock climbing and volleyball. Dislocation may occur in major joints, like your shoulder, hip, knee, elbow, ankle, or in smaller joints, like your finger, thumb, or toe.

The injury will temporarily deform and immobilise your joint. It may result in sudden and severe pain and swelling. A dislocation requires prompt medical attention to return your bones to their proper positions.

What to Expect

  • Intense pain, especially when bearing weight on it
  • Limited movement of the joint
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration

When to Rush to the Doctor

  • Suspicion of a fracture
  • Dislocation of major joints require correction under anaesthesia

Home Care

  • Don't delay medical care
  • Don't move the joint. Until you receive help, splint the affected joint into its fixed position
  • Put ice on the injured joint. This can help reduce swelling by controlling internal bleeding and the buildup of fluids in and around the injured joint
  • Use a figure of eight bandages to stabilize the joint 
  • Check for breathing

A First-Aid Kit for Dislocation Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water