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Bruise First Aid : Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Max Team in Emergency & Trauma

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read

A bruise forms when a blow breaks blood vessels near your skin's surface, allowing a small amount of blood to leak into the tissue under your skin. The rapped blood appears as a black-and-blue mark.

What to Expect

  • Initially, a fresh bruise may be reddish then turns blue or dark purple within a few hours/days
  • If your skin is intact, you don't need a bandage
  • Painful initially, which is relieved after sometime
  • Inflammation, itching, bluish/blackish discoloration around the site

When to Rush to the Doctor

  • Unusually large or painful bruises
  • Bruising and abnormal bleeding from your nose or gums, blood in urine, stool, and eyes
  • Sudden bruising with no such previous history.
  • Bruise fails to improve or clear even after three to four weeks

These signs and symptoms may indicate a more serious problem like blood-clotting or a blood-related disease

Home Care

  • Apply ice or a cold pack several times a day for a day or two after the injury
  • Rest the bruised area, if possible

A First-Aid Kit for Bruise Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water